He was an American director. He was born on December 5, 1901 in Chicago, United States. He died on December 15, 1966 in Burbank (USA). It was he who made the Mickey cartoons.

He was a famous business men.

Walt Disney Biography

Born in 1901 in Chicago (United States). Him and his brother Roy were abandoned by their mother. At 16, Walt left school and, in 1923, he began producing cartoons in Hollywood with his brother.

He would live there for five years before moving to Missouri with his family, which includes his parents and three brothers and a sister. The childhood of the young Walt will be marked by many moves, punctuating the career opportunities of his father.

Walt Disney Career 

This meant a lower performance of little boy at school, where he was never an outstanding student. After a couple of years, him, who occasionally earned some money selling caricatures of him, enrolled at the Kansas City Art Institute, where he learned the first notions of drawing technique. In those years of his adolescence he discovered the cinema , an invention that fascinated him from the first moment.

During the war he was an ambulance driver.

In 1917, five years after Roy Disney also left home, Elias Disney moved with his wife and two young children back to Chicago, where he tried his luck setting up a small jam factory. 

In the spring of 1918, Walt, aged just seventeen, forged his birth certificate and enlisted as a Red Cross soldier to fight in World War I. He arrived in Europe when there was already peace, but was stationed in France and Germany until September 1919. After graduation, he went to live with his brother Roy in Kansas City, where he sought employment as a draftsman.

His dream was to become an artist for the Kansas City Star, the newspaper he had delivered as a child, but he found work as an apprentice at an advertising agency, the Pesmen-Rubin Commercial Art Studio. With a salary of 50 dollars a month, in that job he met Ub Iwerks , a young man his own age and exceptionally gifted at drawing, with whom he became friends. 

When the two lost their jobs, they set up their own company, Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists. The company lasted barely a month, since he preferred to accept a secure job, although he convinced his new bosses to hire Iwerks. In that job both learned the still very rudimentary techniques of film animation.

Restless and innovative by nature, he borrowed a camera and set up a modest studio in the garage of his home, where, with the help of Iwerks and working nights, they produced their first animated film. 

The film caught on and they got new commissions until Disney, not yet twenty-one years old, convinced Iwerks to try their luck as entrepreneurs again with a company they called Laugh-O-Gram Films. With a production based on traditional stories, things went well for them until the bankruptcy of their main client dragged them into bankruptcy as well.

Walt Disney And Mickey Mouse Triumph

Determined to cut out the middleman henceforth, Disney conceived (during a train ride from Hollywood to New York) Mortimer, a little mouse later renamed Mickey at his wife’s suggestion and shaped by Iwerks. 

This is how Dhe told it, but, in reality, the paternity of Mickey Mouse has always been a source of controversy, and currently Iwerks himself tends to be attributed. In October 1928, when Disney was looking for a distributor for the two films he had produced with Mickey Mouse as the lead, the first sound film was shown. 

Anticipating other producers who thought that innovation was temporary, Walt rushed to incorporate sound into a third Mickey film, Willie on the Steamboat.. A good imitator of voices and accents, he made his little mouse and his girlfriend, Minnie, speak in his own voice to cut costs. The film, released on November 18, 1928 in a New York theater, was a resounding success with the public and critics.

On January 13, 1930, a vignette of the popular character began to be published (with Disney as the writer and Iwerks as the cartoonist) in several newspapers in the United States, and that same year a book of Mickey drawings was published that was reissued numerous times.

Addicted to work, for whom he stole many hours of sleep, he had a serious health crisis that forced him, at the end of 1931 and when the Mickey Mouse club already had a million members, to take a long vacation with his wife.

Back in Hollywood, he joined a sports club where he practiced boxing, calisthenics, wrestling and golf. Shortly thereafter he discovered equestrianism and eventually polo, of which he was a fanatic for the rest of his life. A hobby that he cultivated with as much passion as his fascination with trains and miniatures.

With Mickey Mouse as the flagship of a company on the rise, he believed that it should not rest on its laurels or get bored making only movies of the famous little mouse, which in 1932 was the first Oscar he would receive during his career. Backed by a team of excellent draftsmen and illustrators, he displayed his full creative spirit in the first series of his Silly Symphonies (1932). 

Made in Technicolor, the various short films that made up this production meant in their time an experiment in the expressive use of color. In November of that same year, the Disney studio became the first to have its own school of cartoonists and animators.

When he had already made a name for himself in the Hollywood industry, he undertook a risky and unprecedented initiative: to produce the first animated feature film in the history of cinema. 

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) showed not only that Disney and his team were animation virtuosos, but that cartoons could be a whole film genre. The film grossed four million dollars, a record for the time, but it left Disney in debt until 1961 because of the repayment of the credits that it had to ask for, since the initial budget of $500,000 for the film had ended up tripling.

In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs , the camera was used for the first time. 

The film was the first example that the animated cinema of the Disney school had a solid narrative procedure, in which the human characters were described from the “look” of humanized animals or fantastic beings. His taste for the dark and his style of suggesting rather than openly showing terror was also evident in the film.

The 1940s was a period of great activity , characterized both by the consolidation of the style begun with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and by the contradiction that he felt between his artistic tendency towards innovation and risk and the need to serve a market not given to novelties and experiments. 

A reflection of this was the lukewarm response of the public to the following films coming out of his “factory” of dreams. Pinocchio (1940), translation of the famous book by Carlo Collodi , was praised as one of the masterpieces of animated cinema by critics; $2,600,000 was spent on it, and it was a commercial disaster.

The same thing happened with Fantasia (1940), which cost $2,300,000. In it cartoonists and animators combined the evolution of cartoon characters with the music of Stravinsky , Dukas , Beethoven , Ravel , Bach or Tchaikovsky . 

After the sketch on The Dance of the Hours , by Amilcare Ponchielli , which he co-directed with Norman Ferguson in Fantasia using the pseudonym T. Hee, he abandoned the field of directing to dedicate himself almost exclusively to the task of directing the fledgling empire. The film company he had so modestly started fifteen years earlier had become. On May 6, 1940, he completed construction on his new Burbank studios, earning him the nickname “Wizard of Burbank.”

Designed by himself with the aim of facilitating the work of his employees, those studios had twenty large buildings, separated by streets named after his characters. The company’s workforce was around 2,000 employees, from whom he demanded a high level of creativity and production in exchange for very low wages, although he never spared any expense when making his films and always personally led a private life without luxuries. no ostentation.

In 1941, a newly formed illustrators’ union at his company threatened the “Wizard of Burbank” with going on strike demanding better wages. 

He tried to personally avoid the conflict by addressing a speech to his employees, but they, to his astonishment, since he conceived the company as a large family, did not let him get past the first sentences. 

On May 29 of that year, the Disney studios were almost paralyzed by a strike in which most of the workers participated and that lasted a whole year. The conflict ended when the company agreed to allow workers to freely choose their union, including the leftist Screen Cartoonists Guild.

Walt Disney And Disneyland

In 1953, after winning a new Oscar for best documentary with The Living Desert , he began talks with the ABC television network to cede the broadcast of his films to the new invention. 

Unlike other Hollywood producers, who considered her a threat, he believed that television was an excellent means of disseminating her products. A year later he began making films specifically for television, the part of his artistic production most reviled by critics. 

Criticism that would also rain years later with Mary Poppins(1964), his first feature film with only real actors. But Disney didn’t care, because those movies gave him the money he needed to make a project he had cherished for a long time come true: build a huge amusement park based on his characters.

Walt Disney Net Worth

His net worth is USD$130 million approximately 2021.

Walt Disney Personal Life

He married Lillian Disney in 1925. They have two daughters named Diana Disney Miller and Sharon Mae Disney. 

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